Get the facts! Know the dangers and health effects of tobacco and other substances and reduce your risk of harm.
Products to Know
Finely cut tobacco leaves rolled in thin paper for smoking.
Nicotine is the primary component of tobacco, and is the primary reason tobacco is addictive.
Electronic Vapor Products
Devices used to aerosolize active ingredients for the purpose of inhalation.
Currently unregulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, so amount of nicotine is unknown. Nicotine is addictive in any form and lethal in high doses.
Smokeless tobacco consumed by placing a portion of the tobacco between the cheek and gum or upper lip.
It is highly addictive, containing high levels of nicotine and many cancer-causing chemicals. In addition to the cancer risk, other oral side effects include concerns with gums, teeth, and bad breath.
Flavored smokeless tobacco.
Same risks as chewing tobacco, but faded sweeteners and flavors make it more appealing to youth.
Tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco leaf in a series of types, flavors, and sizes.
Cigars contain the same hazards as cigarettes and are taxed at a much lower rate, resulting in lower prices.
Hand-rolled tendu leaves tied up with string.
Bidis contain low-grade tobacco and more tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide than cigarettes.
Kreteks (Clove Cigarettes)
Cigarettes made with a blend of tobacco, cloves and other flavors.
Contain the substance “Eugenol” which is a mild anesthetic that causes a person to smoke more deeply, making them even more of a hazard than cigarettes.
All natural, additive-free cigarettes.
Contain hundreds of different chemicals, many of which can be extremely dangerous when burned and inhaled.
Hand held devices made specifically to smoke tobacco with a chamber, stem, and mouthpiece.
Use black (air cured) tobacco, which carries a higher risk of esophageal and lung cancer, even for those that do not inhale.
Water Pipes (Hookahs)
An instrument that mixes tobacco smoke with water or other liquid, then draws into the mouth.
The water does not filter out toxic chemicals and group sharing can increase spread of germs.
Potentially Reduced Exposure Products (PREPS)
Alternative tobacco products put out by various tobacco companies with the explicit or implied claim that they are less harmful than mainstream products.
Sometimes confused with products such as nicotine gum, lozenge or inhaler, which have been approved to help with smoking cessation. PREPS are not lower-risk and are not approved for this use.
Recreational or medicinal drug.
Long-term side effects may include addiction, decreased mental ability.
A prescription drug typically used to treat patients with severe pain or to manage pain after surgery.
50 to 100 times more potent than morphine, heroin, and other dangerous drugs.
Typical products such as glue, spray cans, paints or sprays are inhaled.
Inhalants are a serious risk to youth. Users can die the 1st, 10th or 100th time a product is misused as an inhalant.
Hallucinogens (LSD, Acid)
A psychedelic drug known for its psychological effects.
Used as an escape drug, with possible adverse psychiatric reactions such as anxiety, paranoia, and delusions.
MDMA (Molly, Ecstacy)
A hallucinogen or stimulant.
Risks of overdose includes high blood pressure, faintness, panic attacks, and in severe cases, a loss of consciousness and seizures.
(K2, Spice, Bath Salts)
Man-made chemicals rather than natural ingredients.
Due to growing number of chemicals developed, there is no way of knowing what the drugs contain and the effects are unknown.
Second and Thirdhand Smoke
There is no safe level of tobacco smoke. Secondhand is the smoke that is exhaled by a smoker or is given off by burning tobacco. It causes serious health problems in children, adults, and pets. Maine laws help to protect individuals by ensuring that public areas are tobacco-free. You should also develop policies that don’t allow tobacco in your home or place of business.
Thirdhand smoke is the tobacco smoke residue that remains on clothing, hair, and furniture after a tobacco product has been put out. Nonsmoking adults, infants and children are at risk for tobacco-related health problems when they inhale, ingest or touch surfaces or materials containing thirdhand smoke.
Breathe Easy Maine
Maine leads the nation in creating laws and policies that protect individuals from secondhand smoke. Breathe Easy Maine has been nationally recognized for its effort to reduce exposure to secondhand and thirdhand smoke through the promotion of strong voluntary policies that lead to reduced tobacco use and increased tobacco-free living throughout Maine. Learn more.
Health Effects on Youth
During a child’s normal development, they experience physical changes, peer pressure, and a desire for independence that may lead to experimentation with tobacco, alcohol, and drugs. Because a child’s body is still growing, tobacco and alcohol use affects youth differently than adults and can negatively impact emotional and physical development, as well as lead to long-term health effects. What’s more, they are often unaware of the risks of addiction, which can interfere with school, relationships, and health.
Know the Dangers
Using tobacco, alcohol, and drugs is dangerous. Not only do they impact emotional and physical development, but also can lead to long-term disease and addiction, which can interfere with school, relationships, and health.